In which we continue our discussion of *Gravity’s Rainbow* with a careful look at the second half of Book Three, Chapter Eleven – the Pökler chapter.

Alan mentions *The Glass Bead Game* by Hermann Hesse. Here’s a link to it in Google Books, and here’s the summary on Wikipedia.

Chris mentions a concept called “the deep state.” Here’s Bill Moyers with a fairly detailed explanation.

Playing a game with death in *The Seventh Seal: *https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f4yXBIigZbg.

Playing games with death in *Bill and Ted’s Bogus Journey: *https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tg-IG7V5eZg.

Death playing bass with Bill and Ted: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G0WsqcmdjVo.

On the possible origin of the name *Zwölfkinder*, Alan mentions the Grimm’s Fairy Tale “The Twelve Brothers.”

Alan mentions The Glass Bead Game by Hermann Hesse. Here’s a link to it in Google Books, and here’s the summary on Wikipedia.

Chris mentions a concept called “the deep state.” Here’s Bill Moyers with a fairly detailed explanation.

Playing a game with death in The Seventh Seal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f4yXBIigZbg.

Playing games with death in Bill and Ted’s Bogus Journey: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tg-IG7V5eZg.

Death playing bass with Bill and Ted: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G0WsqcmdjVo.

On the possible origin of the name Zwölfkinder, Alan mentions the Grimm’s Fairy Tale “The Twelve Brothers.”

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In which we continue our discussion of *Gravity’s Rainbow* with a careful look at the first half of Book Three, Chapter Eleven – the Pökler chapter.

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In which we continue our discussion of Book Three of *Gravity’s Rainbow* with a look at episodes eight through ten.

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In which we take a look at episodes six and seven of Book Three of *Gravity’s Rainbow.*

The *Tristan chord*, which Alan mentions as the “magic chord” in *Tristan und Isolde*, is F, B, G#, and D#. It can alternately be any chord with the intervals of augmented fourth, augmented sixth, and augmented ninth. You can find a sample, both written out and as a MIDI file, at Wikipedia.

The Tristan chord, which Alan mentions as the “magic chord” in Tristan und Isolde, is F, B, G#, and D#. It can alternately be any chord with the intervals of augmented fourth, augmented sixth, and augmented ninth. You can find a sample, both written out and as a MIDI file, at Wikipedia.

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In which, despite efforts by Them to stop us, we continue our work on *Gravity’s Rainbow *with a look at Book Three, episode five – the Tchitcherine episode.

Notes:

Here’s an example of Kyrgyz script. When writing was first developed, a Latin alphabet was used. So “A screaming comes across the sky” would have looked like this:

**Bir jini asmanda bolot**

Around 1920, the Arabic alphabet was adopted. The words themselves didn’t change, but how they were written changed dramatically. Most notably, the Latin alphabet is written from right-to-left, whereas the Arabic alphabet is written from left-to-right. So the same sentence would look like this:

**بىر جىنى اسمانادا بولوت**

Finally, in the early 1930s, Russia began to impose a Cyrillic alphabet onto the Kyrgyz people. Pynchon has Tchitcherine working on this project. Once again, the words didn’t change but how they were written did:

**Бир жини асманда болот**

If you would like to learn more about Gödel’s Theorem, here’s a nice explanation at Scientific American. And here’s a write-up at the Guardian about Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle.

On chess outcomes and the number of atoms in the universe:

Claude Shannon – a mathematician and cryptographer called “the father of information theory” – put the lower boundary for the possible outcomes of a game of chess to be 10^{120}. (This is called the Shannon number.) Victor Allis, a Dutch computer scientist working in the field of artificial intelligence, put the upper bound at 5×10^{50}. He also estimated the game-tree complexity to be at least 10^{123}, assuming a branching factor of 35 and an average game of 80 moves.

The estimate of atoms in the known universe is often put between 4×10^{79} and 4×10^{81}.

Notes:

Here’s an example of Kyrgyz script. When writing was first developed, a Latin alphabet was used. So “A screaming comes across the sky” would have looked like this:

Bir jini asmanda bolot

Around 1920, the Arabic alphabet was adopted. The words themselves didn’t change, but how they were written changed dramatically. Most notably, the Latin alphabet is written from right-to-left, whereas the Arabic alphabet is written from left-to-right. So the same sentence would look like this:

بىر جىنى اسمانادا بولوت

Finally, in the early 1930s, Russia began to impose a Cyrillic alphabet onto the Kyrgyz people. Pynchon has Tchitcherine working on this project. Once again, the words didn’t change but how they were written did:

Бир жини асманда болот

If you would like to learn more about Gödel’s Theorem, here’s a nice explanation at Scientific American. And here’s a write-up at the Guardian about Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle.

On chess outcomes and the number of atoms in the universe:

Claude Shannon – a mathematician and cryptographer called “the father of information theory” – put the lower boundary for the possible outcomes of a game of chess to be 10120. (This is called the Shannon number.) Victor Allis, a Dutch computer scientist working in the field of artificial intelligence, put the upper bound at 5×1050. He also estimated the game-tree complexity to be at least 10123, assuming a branching factor of 35 and an average game of 80 moves.

The estimate of atoms in the known universe is often put between 4×1079 and 4×1081.

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In which our discussion of *Gravity’s Rainbow* takes us into Book Three, episodes three and four…a little journey made with the help of Iron Butterfly.

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In which we continue our discussion of *Gravity’s Rainbow* with a look at Book Three, episode two.

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In which we begin our discussion of Book Three of Thomas Pynchon’s *Gravity’s Rainbow* with a look at its first episode.

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In which we take a look back at the entirety of Book Two of *Gravity’s Rainbow.*

We’ll be back soon with our discussion of Book Three. Stay tuned!

]]>We’ll be back soon with our discussion of Book Three. Stay tuned!

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